Civil Defense and Emergency Management Strategies in Your Community
In the readings for this unit, we learned about the history of civil defense and the ways this has changed over time in our communities to include emergency management. For this assignment, discuss two ways your local community has implemented civil defense/emergency management strategies that include the community (as opposed to only policies or procedures for emergency management personnel). These can include strategies such as preparedness campaigns, Community Engagement Response Team (CERT) programs, citizen fire/police academies, or any other types of programs that actually involve the community. Explain how your community addresses the core missions and goals of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security as described on pages 30–32 of your textbook. Be sure to identify your community in your document.
Be sure to summarize, paraphrase, and cite the information. Do not copy directly from the textbook or from any other source, including your community website. Sites such as Wikipedia, ehow.com, history.com, howstuffworks.com, and other similar sources are not scholarly in nature and may NOT be used for this assignment. Your paper needs to be at least two full pages in length not counting the title and reference pages. You must include at least two sources in your assignment (one can be the course textbook). The paper must follow APA Style in format, include a title/cover page, in-text citations, and a properly formatted reference page. You do not need to include an abstract for this assignment. Should you choose to include one, the abstract does not count toward the two-page minimum length requirement. If you are unsure about APA requirements, please be sure to review the formatting information provided for you in the classroom, student portal, and Writing Center.
Civil Defense and Emergency Management Strategies
Civil defense refers to the act of organizing, mobilizing, and directing civilians of a country to minimize effects of natural disasters and enemy attacks against people, industries, facilities, and other similar installations in order to preserve life and civilian support towards war (Hopley, 1948). Casualties are seldom an exception in the event of an enemy attack or natural disaster, hence need for preparation.
Several strategies have been put in place by the national government in which some have been thoroughly implemented by the Melbourne, Florida. This section covers two of these strategies, that is, preparedness campaigns and police academies.
Preparedness Campaigns and Response Teams
Melbourne community has public health emergencies that work together with municipal departments such as fire, public works, schools, human services; to develop written plans that ought to be used in case of an emergency. These plans give guidelines to be followed throughout a disaster. These guidelines follow a cycle of preparedness, response, recovery or restoration procedures and mitigation (reduction of effects of the disaster). Moreover, comprehensive plans for emergency activities like shelter management, school evacuation plans, and debris management are made.
The community has an emergency response team that are matched with the disabled and elderly for support, communication and engagement concerning preparedness activities. This team also helps in strengthening partnerships within the community by engaging them on risk mitigation, coordinating means in which public health services are delivered, allowing trusted persons within the community to deliver public health messages.
Diversity of the Melbourne community in terms of language spoken has also been considered. Translated versions of emergency response materials have been printed and circulated for those who do not understand or speak English. This is aimed to enhance communication. Campaigns especially those involving information spread to large crowds have translators who speak to the more elderly. More…….