Essay on Timeline of Domestic and International Terrorism Events

Instructions

In this assignment, you will write an essay on the historical, ever-changing definitions and trends of both domestic and global terrorism among public agencies, private entities, and global organizations. Further, evaluate the impact of these changes on domestic and international terrorist events.

Use the CSU Online Library to locate a scholarly article to answer the questions below.

  1. How has the definition of domestic and global terrorism changed from inception to today among various agencies?
  2. How has the definition of domestic and global terrorism changed among public and private organizations and government agencies?
  3. Why do so many variations of the definition of domestic and global terrorism exist?
  4. Is a universal definition of terrorism possible? Why, or why not? What are the pros and cons of establishing a universal definition for the world?
  5. Why did the definition of domestic and global terrorism change among all these agencies after the events of 9/11?

Your completed essay should be a minimum of two pages in length, not counting the title and reference pages. All sources used, including the textbook, must be cited and referenced according to APA guidelines.

 

 

The bombing of the World Trade Center 1993

Domestic and international terrorist events bomb set at a garage at the World Trade Center exploded, causing various steel-reinforced floors to collapse and a massive crater. Six people lost their lives, and more than one thousand were injured during the terrorist attack. Various Islamic radicals were arrested in connection to the terrorist attack. The suspects’ used self-made explosives (FBI, 2016).

They had trafficked various Islamic fundamentals within the country and dangerous chemicals like cyanide gas. They had hired a van that they used to drop their explosives and chemicals into the garage. After arresting the radical Islamic fundamentals, the intelligence community realized that they were planning more attacks across New York, including many US international flights, the FBI office, and killing the pope. Domestic and international terrorist events so important.

Oklahoma City bombing 1995

The Oklahoma City bombing was one of the deadliest domestic and international terrorist events attacks before September 11. On April 19, 1995, it took place when a rental truck filled with explosives exploded outside Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. One hundred and sixty-eight people were killed during the attack, and more than five hundred sustained injuries.

Among those killed were nineteen children from a daycare in the building. Timothy McVeigh, an anti-government militant, was responsible for the attack and was later executed by the state. In this attack, Timothy McVeigh used a fertilizer bomb, among other explosives. Terry Nichols assisted Timothy McVeigh, who received a life sentence to plan the attack (FBI, 2016). Their motive was revenge against a federal raid carried out a few days before the attack.

Gunman attack on CIA employees 1998

On January 24, 1998, two members of the Central intelligence agency were killed by Mir Aimal Kasi, a Pakistan citizen, and others wounded in a terrorist attack. The suspect had pulled over into the McLean compound of the CIA, walked up and on a long line of cars, and methodically opened fire. The suspect used an AK-47assault rifle. The suspect had executed the attack in revenge for how Muslim nations were being treated by the United States (Kilian, 2018).

He, however, did not kill women because he believed it was against his religion. During the investigation, the FBI established that the attack was also revenging against the attacks of the US on Muslim nations together with Persian Gulf War bombings and Israeli incursions on Arab neighbors. The suspect employed an ambush-style murder spree tactic to attack cars waiting to turn into the CIA compound.

Columbine shooting 1999

This event occurred at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. Two teenagers went on a shooting spree that resulted in thirteen people dead and more than twenty sustaining serious injuries. They then turned the guns on themselves and committed suicide. It was one of the worst school shootings in the United States and led to a heated debate on gun control in schools.

Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris were eighteen and seventeen years old at the time of the shooting and had set bombs to denote, and when they failed to explode, they decided to go on a killing spree instead (Dr. Documentary, 2016). The two chose their victims based on race, the Christians, and the athletes in the school. Reports indicate that the two teens were members of a Mafia group called Trench coat based on the Goth culture.

Red Lake Indian Reservation School   2005

Jeffrey Weise, a former student of Red Lake Indian Reservation School, entered the school armed with three firearms and begun a shooting spree. Before leaving for school, Jeffrey had shot and killed his grandfather and his partner in their house. He then took his grandfather’s weapons, including a shotgun and a Glock pistol, and set off his car to the school.

In his first round, Jeffrey hit an unarmed security guard who tried to confront him and, within five minutes, had killed more than ten people, including students and teachers. When the police confronted him, he shot and killed himself in one of the classrooms. This school shooting was the second largest after the Columbine school shooting. Investigation revealed that he was already recruiting other students to carry out another mass shooting. Jeffery had experienced a lot of bullying at school and carried out the shooting as revenge because he had lost it (Enger, 2015).

Shooting attack at Amish schoolhouse 2006

On October 2, an armed truck driver entered an Amish school and killed five girls in an execution-style before he shot and killed himself after being confronted by the police. The shooting also led to six other girls sustaining serious injuries. He had carried three firearms; a semi-automatic pistol, a rifle, a shotgun, two knives, a stun gun, and a bag holding 600 rounds of ammunition.

The police found out an assortment of tools which meant that he had planned for an extended siege. He only attacked young females but let the boys leave (Kocieniewski & Gately, 2016). The suspect had told his wife that he was acting on revenge for something that happened twenty years ago that no one knew. He had meticulously planned the attack as he had used a borrowed pickup to barricade himself in the school.

Shooting attack at Soldier Readiness Center at Fort Hood 2009

Nidal Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, entered Fort Hood Soldier Readiness Processing Center and opened fire on unarmed soldiers and civilians, leading to the death of thirteen people. This terrorist attack marks one of the worst mass shootings in a military base in the US. He was armed with a laser sight fitted short handgun and would later be charged with premeditated murder and given the death penalty.

Among the victims were civilians and army soldiers who were waiting to be deployed. The attack was one of those caused by people inspired by terrorist organizations (Rempfer, 2019). Hassan was in communication with Anwar al-Awlaki, who was an al-Qaida propagandist before going on a killing spree. He had been radicalized by Al-Awlaki and chosen to follow him before executing his plan. The investigation revealed that Hassan’s motive of the attack was to fulfill the wishes of al-Qaida, a group he looked up to.

Arizona shooting 2011

On January 8, 2011, a 22-year-old gunman opened fire in a meeting where congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords met the constituents. The shooting took place outside Safeway supermarket. The congresswoman was among those who got shot. Thirteen people sustained severe injuries, and six others died at the scene (PBS, 2011).

The gunman had walked into the meeting and insisted that he wanted to speak to Gabrielle Giffords, and within a few minutes, he opened fire and shot her. A semi-automatic pistol was used by the suspect to carry out the killings. Evidence obtained from the gunman’s home indicated that he had planned to kill the congresswoman. Domestic and international terrorist events

 

References

Dr. Documentary, D. (2016). Columbine School Shooting – Final Report Documentary – Columbine Massacre [Video]. Retrieved October 5 2021, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5QG-I9Ced0.

Enger, J. (2015, March 18). The shooting at Red Lake: What happened. MPR News. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.mprnews.org/story/2015/03/18/red-lake-shooting-explained.

FBI, F. B. I. (2016, May 18). Oklahoma City bombing. FBI. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/oklahoma-city-bombing.

FBI, F. B. I. (2016, May 18). World trade center bombing 1993. FBI. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/world-trade-center-bombing-1993.

Kilian, M. (2018, August 29). Gunman who killed 2 CIA workers sentenced. chicagotribune.com. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1998-01-24-9801240134-story.html.

Kocieniewski, D., & Gately, G. (2016, October 3). Man shoots 11, killing 5 girls, in Amish School. The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/03/us/03amish.html.

PBS, P. B. S. (2011, January 8). Congresswoman Giffords shot by gunman in Arizona, judge killed. PBS. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/congresswoman-shot-by-gunman-in-arizona.

Rempfer, K. (2019, November 5). The mass shooting at Fort Hood was 10 years ago, on November 5, 2009. Army Times. Retrieved October 5, 2021, from https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2019/11/05/the-mass-shooting-at-fort-hood-was-10-years-ago-on-nov-5-2009/.

Domestic and international terrorist events

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