You are currently viewing Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography

Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography

Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography

QUESTION:

Instructions

Select a research method that you will use for your research paper and develop an annotated bibliography of at least five scholarly sources (excluding the course textbook) for your research paper topic. Utilize the topic you selected in your previous assignment, which should be personal to your location, jurisdiction, or state. The purpose of this assignment is to help you prepare for the final research proposal due in Unit VII. You may use the CSU Online Library to locate sources.

The annotated bibliography submission should include summaries for each source with the following information.

  • Write a brief explanation/summary of the source. Identify what the article is about, or explain what the author tested. Do not copy and paste the abstract or the summary from the article to your paper. Paraphrase and summarize the information in your own words. The summary may not be one long quotation.
  • Write a brief explanation of how this source will contribute to your final paper.

The following are not acceptable for academic research and referencing:

  • encyclopedias;
  • dictionaries;
  • Wikipedia, other wikis, or blogs;
  • Ehow.com, Ask.com, Dotdash.com, or any similar site; and
  • websites and other sources that do not provide quality researched materials or that do not use credible sources to support the information in the document.

Each summary must be at least 100 words in length, so your submission must be at least two pages in length. Your document must use proper APA Style elements including a cover page. Watch this annotated bibliography tutorial for further help.

Adhere to APA Style when constructing this assignment, including in-text citations and references for all sources that are used. Please note that no abstract is needed.

GET THIS CUSTOM-WRITTEN PAPER! CLICK THE ORDER BUTTON

ANSWER:

Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography

 

Li, J. J., & Zhu, H. Y. (2018). A risk-based model of evacuation route optimization

             under fire. Procedia engineering, 211, 365-371.

In their paper, Jing-Jing Li and Hong-ya Zhu did a formulation of a model for optimum evacuation in case of a fire accident. The study employed the Dijkstra algorithm to determine the route with the shortest time and minimal risk.

The research aimed to improve the efficiency of avoiding congestion and managing evacuation during fire incidents. Their basis is the operational research theory; the model considered the routes’ length, evacuee density, fire risk, and moving tendency.

The result of the research gave a model in which there is an accident of fire to reduce overcrowding and enhance escapes as soon as possible, thereby reducing the incidence of losing lives. This risk-based model was found to be of vital importance in the case of fire evacuation planning.

 McQuerry, M. (2019). A survey of structural firefighter station wear in the 

          United States. Fire technology, 1-27.

In his research, Meredith McQuerry evaluated the relationship between firefighters” burns in relation to certified flame-resistant and non-certified station wear. In the study, the design of the study used was the qualitative method. He employed the use of questionnaires as the data collection tool in the study.

The sampling population used was 1800 individual fighters, where the findings showed that up to 80% of the population were aware of the risk of the non-certified base layer garments. In addition to that, a regional analysis was done, showing that about 45 % of the fighters did not require to have certified or flame-resistant gears.

This research proved vital as it rendered education to firefighter personnel in their choices for the fighter garments to enhance improved protection on the incidences of burn injuries and help in thermal comfort. This article will be necessary to my study in helping me conclude the equipment for the new station to be erected. 

 McQuerry, M., Barker, R., & DenHartog, E. (2018). Relationship between novel 

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†design modifications and heat stress relief in structural firefighters’¬†

            protective clothing. Applied ergonomics, 70, 260-268.

McQuerry, in their study, investigated the ability of firefighter turnout suits to reduce heat stress during the actual activities in fire accidents. Heat stress is a vital consideration in the fire fighting gear since it affects the fighters’ effectiveness. In the study, the sample size used comprised eight professionals in the firefighter department.

In a simulated exercise of up to five repeats, the study found out that; With design enhancements, there is a possibility to improve the physiological comfort of fighters. It also revealed that the ventilation openings could reduce the core temperature rise in the turnout suits in them.

Work time could be increased to a significant level by the use of a modular system. Finally, thermal burden reduction led to establishing a benchmark of heat loss known as a manikin.

Ramli, M. I., Yatmar, H., & Pasra, M. (2019, February). An optimum route analysis of

            fire rescue according to fire station location (Case study: Residence area in 

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†Makassar’s central business district). In¬†IOP Conference Series:¬†

            Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 235, No. 1, p. 012072). IOP Publishing.

Ramli and associates carried a study in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in Makassar. The research’s primary focus was on arterial and collector roads, the general speed of movement, the outline of the infrastructure, and the fire station from where the rescue is expected to come from (pg. 1).

The study’s emphasis was to find the effective route with optimum options in time of emergency to help reduce risk and prevent the situation from getting worse. The study was done using Quantum Geographic Information System (QGIS) technology.

They found out that the key factors vital for a response with respect to station location are the effective route, the traveling time from the station to the incidence areas, and the distance or proximity to the size of service. The research showed that the most suitable position for the fire station was in the city’s central business district. (pg. 10)

¬†Ňěen, A., √Ėnden, ńį., G√∂kg√∂z, T., & Ňěen, C. (2011). A GIS approach to fire station¬†

            location selection. GeoInformation for disaster management.

Ňěen and associates did this study in Istanbul to find the best location for a fire station in the city. They researched the optimum site for a fire station concerning minimizing the response time in emergencies.

They employed GIS and a multi-objective mathematical model in determining factors to consider in selecting the best site for a fire station in the city. The paper’s best location was based on the closeness to the major road. Their work emphasized minimizing the cost and constraints while maximizing the coverage area.

They realized that the average response time in an emergency should be 5 minutes through the use of GIS. Another finding was that the key determinant for a suitable location for a fire station is the Coverage matrix factor.

They concluded that the site and the number of fire stations influence efficient response in emergency cases. Despite the vital findings, the study encountered some constraints like the difficulties in applying the model to develop traveling times in the analysis.

Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography
Application in Fire Research Unit 3: Annotated Bibliography

References 

McQuerry, M. (2019). A survey of structural firefighter station wear in the 

          United States. Fire technology, 1-27.

Ňěen, A., √Ėnden, ńį., G√∂kg√∂z, T., & Ňěen, C. (2011). A GIS approach to fire station¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†

location selection. GeoInformation for disaster management.

Ramli, M. I., Yatmar, H., & Pasra, M. (2019, February). An optimum route analysis of

            fire rescue according to fire station location (Case study: Residence area in         

Makassar’s central business district). In¬†IOP Conference Series:¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†

Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 235, No. 1, p. 012072). IOP Publishing.

 Li, J. J., & Zhu, H. Y. (2018). A risk-based model of evacuation route optimization        

under fire. Procedia engineering, 211, 365-371.

McQuerry, M., Barker, R., & DenHartog, E. (2018). Relationship between novel            

design modifications and heat stress relief in structural firefighters’¬†¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†

protective clothing. Applied ergonomics, 70, 260-268

Leave a Reply