Analysis of Sociological Theories and Their Effectiveness in My Community

Analysis of Sociological Theories and Their Effectiveness in My Community

What is society, and should sociologists study it? – ReviseSociology

Below is a list of descriptions of five various sociological theories ranked according to their effectiveness in my community.

1. Social control theory

this is the theory that assumes that the cost of committing a crime will always be compared with the existing family and society ties at the moment of the possible offense. The stronger the connection between an individual and society, the stronger the ability to refrain from criminal behavior. In applying to criminal behavior, social control theory will help members of the community understand that it is not the police system that will help reduce criminal behavior but a strong social bond among the members of society. In the rehabilitation of the previous criminals in the community, family ties, sympathy, and bonding will be the best remedy for such an individual

2. Containment theory

In this theory, for an individual to commit a crime, some concepts are attached to it. This is where we have social bonds as a key to anybody committing an offense. It reveals that for an individual with a good social bond with the family and the community at large, there will be the possibility of self-control in that the ties will draw him/her from the crime which was intended. Thus, this theory is most effective as it lies at the root of all crimes. The other concept under this theory is the degree of self-control and self-interest. Every individual who can exercise self-control will, on a very rare occasion, commit a crime. In addition to that, when self-interest is high in an individual with less ability to meet all the wants, then he/she will be likely to commit a crime.

3. Routine activities theory

This is the third effective theory. The concepts in this theory, such as local concern of the lower class in the community, will to a greater degree, help try to balance the social class variation, which would otherwise cause the desire and opportunity for crime from the lower class in that particular society. Another concept under this theory is the degradation in the social condition and social conditions. In a community in which social conditions are favorable and that the disparity between the members of the society is narrow, then the rates of crime will be relatively low. The reverse is also a case for a community in which the condition of the society is degraded and one-sided.

4. Developmental or life course

In this theory, the concept of antisocial potential makes it effective to our society in that when an individual is always apart from other individuals in the society, and there are high chances of committing a crime. Another theme in this theory that is helpful to the community is the life course of criminality. This is where an individual will commit a crime because it has been his/her norm of life. Due to previous cases of crime and living the life of continuous crimes, one will inevitably commit another.

5. Differential social opportunity theory

The gap between classes in society can indeed lead to crime. In most societies, there is always that reaction that occurs between the lower class and the middle class. This often led to envy between the two; thus, the individuals in the lower class will be more readily geared to committing various crimes to the middle and vice versa. Another concept here is the differential in social opportunities in cases where there are various social groups. The less fortunate group tends to commit various crimes towards the group that is on the higher side. This theory though it comes to form in my ranking its effective to my community.

The Theory that I Believe Will Benefit My Community Most Effectively

The Analysis of Sociological Theories and Their Effectiveness in My Community of crime that I strongly believe will be of great help to my community is the Social control theory. According to (Friedman, & Rosenbaum, 1988), in their work, they realized that when there are close family ties between individuals and their parents, the behaviors are mild and a plausible trait that is lacking in individuals with weaker children- parent bonds. This gives evidence of the strength of having a strong social bond between society and its individuals.

In another instance, the strength of social control theory was revealed in the work of (Groff, 2015). In his work, he states that although the police department is vital to society when it comes to crime control, their effort and presence profit but little. In his work, it is evident that informal social control lies at the very heart of both opportunity and traditionally based crimes. Their research realized that informal social control holds the best promise and solution for reducing crime.

The Other Side of View on the Effectivity of Social Control Theory to My Community

One of the weaknesses of the social control theory is the over-emphasis on the element of social bond without looking into other factors that are also relevant in cases of criminal acts (Brauer, & De Coster, 2015). The issue of the ability to personal governance and the capacity of an individual to have a self-governed decision in doing something is not incorporated in the picture. There is also a significant gap when it comes to the fact that Age of individuals is not captured by social control theory. Since this theory emphasizes the young and their relationship with society but the gap is seen in the fact that few youths, if not in cases of some petty misdemeanor crimes, can match the rate at which adults with or without social bonds do engage in criminal acts (Wadsworth, 2000). 

References 

Brauer, J. R., & De Coster, S. (2015). Social relationships and delinquency:

             Revisiting parent and peer influence during adolescence. Youth & Society

             47(3), 374-394.

Friedman, J., & Rosenbaum, D. P. (1988). Social control theory: The salience

           of components by age, gender, and type of crime. Journal of

            Quantitative Criminology4(4), 363-381.

Groff, E. R. (2015). Informal social control and crime events. Journal of

            Contemporary Criminal Justice31(1), 90-106.

Wadsworth, T. (2000). Labor markets, delinquency, and social control theory:

            An empirical assessment of the mediating process. Social Forces78(3),

            1041-1066.

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